- 2 small keels on either side of caudal peduncle
- Adipose eyelids covering front and rear of eye
- 30–48 gill rakers on lower limb of first gill arch
- Gill rakers long and visible from side of head when mouth open
- 5–6 dorsal and anal finlets
- Head length equal to or less than body depth
- Body very deep, its depth at posterior margin of opercle 3.7–4.3 times FL
Silvery white below, silvery greenish above with fine dark spots. Pectoral and pelvic fins dusky, caudal fin yellow.
Up to 40 cm TL, and up to at least 2 kg in weight (Manacop 1995 in 1).
East Indian & Western Central Pacific.
An inshore epipelagic, neritic species that tolerates reduced salinity entering estuarine habitats. Found within a temperature range of 20–30°C and usually between 15–200 m depth.2
Feeds primarily on micro zooplankton with high phytoplankton content. Forms schools with similar sized conspecifics. In the Javan sea, length where 50% of individuals become mature is between 15–18 cm FL, equivalent to 7.5 months old.3 Estimated maximum age is at least 2 years.4
An important commercial species in the Philippines. Caught by native purse seining, in fish corrals and by dynamiting.