Brownstripe snapperLUJ

 
Lutjanus vitta
23.2 cm TL

Characteristic features:

  • Scale rows above lateral line oblique
  • Vomerine tooth patch with medial posterior extension
  • Narrow dark mid-lateral stripe on side, fainter brownish lines between scale rows on sides

Colour:

Pale brownish to pinkish, narrow dark mid-lateral stripe on side, fainter brownish lines between scale rows on sides; fins yellow.

Size:

Up to 40 cm TL.

Distribution:

East Indian and West Pacific in tropical waters.

Habitat:

Adults found near coral reefs. Found from 10 to at least 120 m depth.

Biology:

Feeds on fishes, shrimps, crabs and other benthic crustaceans. Brownstripe snapper form small schools of about 30 individuals, or are solitary. A small species that displays rapid growth early in life, reaching asymptotic length within an average of 3 years1. Off the southwest coast of India length at first maturity was estimated at 15.8 and 14.5 cm TL for females and males respectively.2 Here, brownstripe snapper display broadcast spawning between September – December.2 In the Great Barrier Reef maximum recorded age is 12 years.1

Fisheries:

Caught mainly with handlines, traps and bottom trawls.

Similar species:

 
Lutjanus bitaeniatus
Indonesian snapper
Lutjanus bitaeniatus
Juvenile Lutjanus bitaeniatus differ in having a vomerine tooth patch with medial posterior extension (vs. without posterior medial extension); posterior profile of dorsal and anal fins angular (vs. rounded) and a black spot absent or an oval black spot, eye-sized or greater, present below last dorsal-fin spine (vs. crescentic blackish blotch in the middle of the caudal fin).
 
Lutjanus lutjanus
Bigeye snapper
Lutjanus lutjanus
Lutjanus lutjanus differs in having a space between eye and mouth about narrower than eye diameter (vs. about equal to eye diameter) and thin yellow stripes, with a broader yellow mid-lateral stripe (vs. numerous thin brown stripes, frequently with a broad dark brown mid-lateral stripe).
 
Lutjanus mizenkoi
Mizenko’s snapper
FAO (CC BY-NC 3.0)
Lutjanus mizenkoi differs in having a scaleless preopercular flange (vs. scaled) and thin yellow stripes with broader midlateral yellow stripe (vs. numerous thin brown stripes, frequently with a broad dark brown mid-lateral stripe).
 
Lutjanus xanthopinnis
Yellowfin snapper
Lutjanus xanthopinnis
Lutjanus xanthopinnis differs in having thin yellow stripes with broader midlateral yellow stripe (vs. numerous thin brown stripes plus a broad midlateral dark stripe).

External links:

FishBase
The IUCN Red List of Threatened SpeciesTM

References:

  1. 1.
    Newman SJ, Cappo M, Williams DM. Age, growth and mortality of the stripey, Lutjanus carponotatus (Richardson) and the brown-stripe snapper, L. vitta (Quoy and Gaimard) from the central Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Fisheries Research [Internet]. 2000;48(3):263–75. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0165-7836(00)00184-3
  2. 2.
    Ramachandran S, Ali D, Varghese BC. Age, growth and maturity of brown stripe snapper Lutjanus vitta (Quoy & Gaimard, 1824) from southwest coast of India. Journal of Marine Biological Association of India [Internet]. 2013;55(2):61–8. Available from: https://doi.org/10.6024/jmbai.2013.55.2.01638-10