Button snapper – – –

 
Lutjanus boutton

J. Randall, 15.0 cm TL. License: CC BY-NC 3.0

Characteristic features:

  • Head and breast dusky reddish brown, grading to salmon pink, to yellowish grey on back and yellow below
  • Preopercular notch well developed
  • Vomerine tooth patch without medial posterior extension

Colour:

Head and breast dusky reddish brown, grading to salmon pink, to yellowish grey on back and yellow below. Sometimes a small back spot, smaller than eye size below dorsal-fin soft rays. Fins yellow and a small brown spot at base of uppermost pectoral-fin rays.

Size:

Up to 28 cm TL.

Distribution:

Indo-West Pacific in tropical waters.

Habitat:

Adults found on coral reefs and drop-offs. Small juveniles found on shallow algal reefs and estuarine areas.

Biology:

Feeds primarily on fishes, crustaceans, cephalopods and some planktonic prey items. Forms small schools of up to 40 individuals, also schools with other species. Little is known about the maturity or reproductive biology of this species. Maximum age is unknown.

Fisheries:

Caught mainly with handlines and bottom longlines.

Similar species:

 
Lutjanus carponotatus
Spanish flag
Lutjanus carponotatus
Lutjanus carponotatus differs in having a vomerine tooth patch with medial posterior extension (vs. without medial posterior extension); yellow stripes starting on cheek (vs. yellow stripes starting on operculum) and head and body silver with bright yellow stripes (vs. head reddish, body yellow with yellow stripes).
 
Lutjanus papuensis
Papuan snapper
Lutjanus papuensis
Lutjanus papuensis differs in having a preopercular notch poorly developed (vs. well developed); vomerine tooth patch with medial posterior extension (vs. without medial posterior extension) and bluish or grey on upper body (vs. yellowish grey on upper body).

External links:

FishBase